One reads a lot about robots these days, and also about “21st century education“, “learning for tomorrow”, etc. (If you doubt me, do a search on these terms).  But how far away is “tomorrow” –  a “time that is to come”?

The other day this video, “Humans Need Not Apply” from CGP Grey,  came up in my YouTube subscription:

The script for this video is at, and links to all the technology mentioned is on the “About” tab on the YouTube page.

Watching the video, I was struck by the very broad implications of “we” (and I couldn’t help being reminded of some teachers I know when listening to the conversation between the Luddite horses).

I wondered, can the future be this bleak, problematic, cut-and-dried  for  humans?  I searched for other opinions…

The video below made me feel a bit more hopeful (although it’s directed at “teachers”, I think the word “Learners” would work, too:

Then, as if in answer to my searching, a handful of blog posts appeared in my RSS reader the last few days:

MIT study says robot overlords could make for happier human workers – describes one way  the “Humans need not apply” scenario will come to pass.  (Note that this is a tiny, tiny study.)

“Automation in the manufacturing process has been around for decades, but the new study aimed to seek out the sweet spot where human workers were ‘both satisfied and productive.’

” ‘We discovered that the answer is to actually give machines more autonomy, if it helps people to work together more fluently with robot teammates,’ said project lead Matthew Gombolay…” (Engadget, 25 August 2014)

From eBookFriendly comes a post and two info-graphics about “New technologies and the education of tomorrow

“New technologies are shaping the way we learn. The more we control them, the bigger impact we can have on where the education evolves.  An interesting infographic created by Aleksandar Savic for Lenovo shows the opportunities advanced technologies give to educators and students.”

MakeUseOf offers an article titled How Computer Technology Will Transform Schools of the Future. Look at Point 2 “Robot Graders are the Future”:

“…Luckily, we have robots for that now.  Khan Academy includes exercises after every few lessons to let you test your knowledge of the material covered, and users instantly know whether or not they got the exercise correct, and can access hints on solving the exercise…”

Engadget informs us about one of the ways robots are getting smarter, and how we can help them in Robo-Brain Teaches Robots How to Understand the World.

“…According to project lead Ashutosh Saxena from Cornell (the study’s a joint effort between Brown, Cornell and Stanford Universities as well as the University of California, Berkeley), his team’s goal is to “build a very good knowledge graph — or a knowledge base — for robots to use.” Think of Robo Brain as Wikipedia … that robots can tap into when they need to understand how we speak and how we see the world — both extremely important if they are to organically perform their tasks…”

More about robot learning can be learned from this video, Robot Learning: Perception, Planning and Language”:

I couldn’t help but begin to think that the IB Learner Profile should perhaps become the “Human Profile”…

“The IB Learner Profile is the IB mission statement translated into a set of learning outcomes for the 21st century. .. It is a set of ideals that can inspire, motivate and focus the work of schools and teachers, uniting them in a common purpose.”  (

Having seen a world “peopled” by robots in the posts and videos above, I thought about the Learner Profile (inquirers, knowledgeable, thinkers, communicators, principled, open-minded, caring, risk-takers, balanced, reflective).  Which of the Learner Profile attributes could be used to describe  robots?  Which can describe only humans?  On a well known Theory of Knowledge web page I found a link to this post, under Ethics: Teach Robots Values So They Won’t Kill Us With Kindness “…The most important work of our lifetime is to ensure that machines are capable of understanding human value,” she (Nell Watson) says. “It is those values that will ensure machines don’t end up killing us out of kindness.”

Ah yes – that tricky phrase “human values”!!  If you listed your values, would you “look” like a robot, or a human?